OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY &

ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT

OHS & E CODE OF PRACTICE FOR WORKMEN
  • No workmen below 18 years and above 55 years of age shall be engaged for job.

  • All workmen shall be screened before engaging them on the job. Physical fitness of the person to certain jobs like working at height or other dangerous locations to be ensured before engaging the person on work. The final decision rests with the site management to reject any person on the ground of physical fitness.

  • Smoking is strictly prohibited at workplace.

  • Sub-contractors shall ensure adequate supervision at workplace. They shall ensure that all persons working under them shall not create any hazard to self or to co-workers.

  • No body is allowed to work without wearing safety helmet. Chinstrap of safety helmet shall be always on.

  • No one is allowed to work at or more than 2m height without wearing safety harness and lanyard of harness shall be anchored to firm support preferably at shoulder level.

  • No one is allowed to enter into workplace and work at site without adequate foot protection.

  • Usage of eye protection shall be ensured when workmen are engaged for grinding, chipping, welding and gas-cutting. For other jobs, as when OHSEO insists eye protection shall be used.

  • All PPE like shoes, helmet, safety harness etc. shall be arranged before starting the job as per recommendation of OHSEO. PPE non-compliance may attract penalty.

  • All excavated pits shall be barricaded and barricade to be maintained till the backfilling is done. Safe approach shall be ensured into every excavation.

  • Adequate illumination at workplace shall be ensured before starting the job at night.

  • All the dangerous moving parts of the portable / fixed machinery being used shall be adequately guarded.

  • Ladders being used at site shall be adequately secured at bottom and top. Ladders shall not be used as work platforms.

  • Erection zones and dismantling zones shall be barricaded and a signalman to be posted to ensure that nobody stands under suspended load.

  • Horseplay is completely prohibited at workplace. Running at site is completely prohibited, except in case of emergency.

  • Materials shall not be thrown from heights in any case.

  • Other than the electricians with red helmet no one is allowed to carry out electrical connections, repairs on electrical equipment or other jobs related thereto.

  • Power supply shall be taken through RCCB of 30 mA sensitivity.

  • Insertion of bare wires for tapping power from electrical sockets is prohibited.

  • All major, minor accidents and near misses to be reported to Site Engineer / OHSEO to enable the management to take necessary steps to avoid recurrence.

  • All scaffoldings / work-platforms shall be strong enough to take the expected load. The width of the working platform and fall protection arrangements shall be maintained as per recommendation of OHSEO.

  • All tools and tackles shall be inspected for use. Defects to be reported immediately. No lifting tackle to be used unless it is certified by the concerned engineer / OHSEO.

  • Good housekeeping to be maintained. Passages shall not be blocked with materials. Materials like bricks shall not be stacked more than 1.5m height.

  • Debris, scrap and other materials shall be cleared from the workplace time to time and at the time of closing of work everyday. Scrap bins provided at site shall be used.

  • Sub-contractors shall ensure that all their workmen are following safety practices while traveling in the company’s transport and staying at company’s accommodations.

  • Adequate fire fighting equipment shall be made available at workplace and persons are to be trained in fire fighting techniques with the co-ordination of OHSEO.

  • All unsafe conditions, unsafe acts reported by site Supervisors and OHSE personnel shall be corrected on priority basis.

  • No children shall be allowed to enter the workplace.

  • Female workers are not allowed to work at height and other high-risk areas.

  • Other than the driver, nobody is allowed to travel in tractor / tipper / truck.

  • Sub-contractors shall ensure that all the living rooms and toilets used by them in Workmen colony are maintained clean and hygienic. Food and other wastes shall be disposed off suitably.

SPECIFICATION FOR PPEs & SAFETY DEVICES
SAFETY HELMET

Specification

  • Helmet shall be compatible with other ancillary equipment such as Earmuffs, Welder's shields, Face shield, Miners Cap Lamp etc.

  • Suspension - Shall be “Nape Type” or “Ratchet Type”.

  • Chin Strap - 15 mm width and 55 cm long with buckle for adjustability.

  •  Shell - Hard & smoothly finished HDPE / PVC material.

  • Sweat Band – Optional

Colour Coding

  • WHITE - Engineers

  • BLUE - Sub - Contractor and their Supervisor

  • YELLOW - Workmen

  • GREEN - OHSE Professionals

  • RED - Electricians

SAFETY HARNESS

Conformance to standard

  • General Safety Belt / Full Body Harness shall be certified to IS 3521 – 1999 (Third Revision) or shall have DGMS certification or any internationally recognized certification such as CE, UL mark.

Webbing

  • The webbing shall be made of polypropylene.

Buckles

  • Buckles shall be of friction type and no slip type design.

Hardware Fittings

  • It shall be corrosion resistant, electroplated & forged.

Lanyard

  • Lanyard shall be of 12mm polypropylene rope and of length not more than 2 m.

  • The ends shall be spliced and covered with transparent sleeve & the curved portion protected with thimble.

  • The hook shall be non separable from the lanyard.

  • Shall be single or double lanyard, based on the requirement.

Hook

  • Hooks shall be of self-closing type. The hooks should not disengage if the pressure is exerted accidentally on the tongue or latch.

  • The opening in the hook shall be minimum 18 mm.

  • Hooks shall be of any one of the following types - Carabineer, Snap Hook, Scaffold Hook.

Class of Full body harness

  • Approved Classes: Class A & Class L

  • Only Class L harness shall be used in conjunction with rope grab fall arrestor.

LIFE LINE

  • Minimum 20mm diameter polypropylene rope or Minimum 8 mm wire rope shall be used as a lifeline.

RESIDUAL CURRENT CIRCUIT BREAKERS

Conformance to standard

RCCB shall conform to:

  • IS 12640: Part 1: 2000 Residual Current Operated Circuit - Breakers for Household and Similar Uses - Part 1: Circuit-Breakers Without Integral Over current Protection.

RCBO shall conform to:

  • IS 12640: Part 2: 2001 Residual Current Operated Circuit - Breakers for Household and Similar Uses - Part 2 Circuit - Breakers with Integral Over current Protection.

Standard Specifications

  • Number of poles:  Two or Four

  • Rated current in Amperes:  32 amps, 63 amps

  • Rated fault current (Sensitivity): 30 mA  for portable tools

  • Enclosure: Conforming to IP 54 degree of protection.

SAFETY NETS

The size of the net shall be as per site requirement. Unit of measurement for Safety Net shall be Sq.m (square meters)

Approved Specification No: 1

  • Mesh Size : 25 mm

  • Mesh Rope: 2 mm double chord

  • Tie Rope : 3m long 12 mm dia @ 1.5 m interval

Approved Specification No: 2

  • Mesh Size : 100 mm

  • Mesh Rope: 4 mm

  • Tie Rope : 3m long 12 mm dia @ 1.5 m interval

GUM BOOT / ANKLE SHOE

Conformance to standard

The Gum Boot or ankle shoe used shall be certified to any one of the Indian Standard given below or shall have certification of DGMS or any international certification like CE, UL Mark.

  • IS 5557: 2004, Industrial and Protective Rubber Knee and Ankle Boots – Specification

  • IS 12254: 1993, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Industrial Boots - Specification

With Steel Toe

  • GUM BOOT / ANKLE SHOE with steel toe shall be used wherever impact hazard exist.

EAR MUFF/PLUG

Ear Muff / Ear Pug shall conform to IS: 9167-1979 or shall have the certification from DGMS or any other international certification such as CE or UL Mark.

EYE PROTECTION

Goggles, Safety Spectacles, Face Shield shall conform to IS: 5983 – 1980 or shall have the certification from DGMS or any other international certification such as CE or UL Mark.

HAND GLOVES
  • The fit of gloves should be such that the fingers should have ample room.

  • CANVAS Gloves canvas – stitching with nylon thread – conforming to IS: 6994-(part-I) 1973.

  • CROME LEATHER gloves – 14” stitching with nylon thread - conforming to IS: 6994-(part-I) 1973.

  • RUBBER Gloves – 18”(380/450mm long) electrical grade, tested to 15000 volts - conforming to IS: 4770-1991.

  • COTTON Gloves (for material handling) Leather cum canvas-304mm long, double leather for five finger type, double stitching spaced at 1mm. - conforming to IS: 6994-(part-I) 1973.

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

CO2 TYPE FIRE EXTINGUISHER: (IS: 2878-1986)

Shall be certified to IS 2878 : 2004 (Fire Extinguisher, Carbon Dioxide Type (Portable and Trolley Mounted) – Specification)

  • Internal discharge tube with 1m discharge hose (2m in case of more than 6.8kg cap.)

  • Wheel type valve with lock pin (conforming to IS: 3224).

MECHANICAL FOAM TYPE

Shall be certified to IS 10204:2001 (Specification for portable fire extinguisher mechanical foam type)

  • Foam used shall conform to IS 4989: 1974 (Specification for foam compound for producing mechanical foam for fire fighting)

  • CO2 cartridge shall conform to IS 4947 : 1985 (Specification for gas cartridges for use in fire extinguishers)

DRY CHEMICAL POWDER (CARTRIDGE TYPE)

Shall be certified to IS 2171: 1999 Specification for portable fire extinguishers, dry powder (cartridge type)

  • Refill of dry chemical powder shall conform to IS 4308 : 1982 (Specification for dry powder for fire fighting)

  • CO2 cartridge (120 gms for 5 kg cap., 180 gms for 10 kg cap.) shall conform to IS 4947 : 1985 (Specification for gas cartridges for use in fire extinguishers)

DRY CHEMICAL POWDER (CONSTANT PRESSURE TYPE) for ABC Fires:

Shall be certified to IS 13849 : 1993 (Specification for portable fire extinguisher dry powder type (constant pressure)

  • The powder used shall conform to IS 14609 : 1999 (Dry chemical powder for fighting A, B and C class fires – Specification)

Conformance to standard

  • Safety helmets shall be certified to IS 2925 - 1984 or DGMS or shall have internationally recognized certification such as CE, UL Mark.

RESPIRATORS

Conformance to standard

The respirator shall be certified to any of the Indian Standard given below or DGMS certification or any internationally recognized certification like CE, UL Mark.

  • IS 6194 : 1971  Specification for Intermittent Positive Pressure Respirator, Bag Type, Manually Operated

  • IS 8522 : 1977  Respirators, chemical cartridge

  • IS 8523 : 1977  Respirators, canister type (gas masks)

  • IS 9473 : 2002 Respiratory Protective Devices - Filtering Half Masks to Protect Against Particles – Specification

  • IS 10245 : Part 1 : 1996  Breathing apparatus Part 1 Closed circuit breathing apparatus (compressed oxygen cylinder) - Specification

  • IS 10245 : Part 2 : 1994  Respiratory protective devices - breathing apparatus Part 2 Open circuit breathing apparatus

  • IS 10245 : Part 3 : 1999  Breathing Apparatus - Part 3 : Fresh Air Hose and Compressed Air Line Breathing Apparatus - Specification

  • IS 10245 : Part 4 : 1982  Specification for breathing apparatus Part 4 Escape breathing apparatus (short duration self-contained type)

  • IS 14138 : Part 1 : 1994  Respiratory protective devices: threads for face pieces - Part 1 Standard thread connection - Specification

  • IS 14138 : Part 2 : 1994  Respiratory Protective devices: Threads for face pieces Part 2 Centre thread connection - Specification

  • IS 14166 : 1994  Respiratory protective devices : Full face masks - Specification

  • IS 14170 : 1994  Respiratory protective devices : Mouthpiece assemblies - Specification

  • IS 14746: 1999  Respiratory Protective Devices - Half Masks And Quarter Masks - Specification

  • IS 15322 : 2003 Particle Filters Used in Respiratory Protective Equipment - Specification

  • IS 15323 : 2003 Gas Filters and Combined Filters Used in Respiratory Protective Equipment – Specification

SAFETY SHOES

Conformance to standard

The safety shoe used shall be certified to any one of the Indian Standard given below or DGMS Certification or any internationally recognized certification like CE, UL mark.

  • IS 1989: Part 1: 1986 Specification for Leather Safety Boots and Shoes - Part 1: For Miners.

  • IS 1989: Part 2: 1986 Specification for Leather Safety Boots and Shoes - Part 2: For Heavy Metal Industries.

  • IS 11226: 1993 - Leather safety footwear having direct moulded rubber sole – Specification.

  • IS 14544: 1998 Leather safety footwear with direct moulded PVC soles – Specification.

  • IS 15298: Part 1: 2002 Safety, Protective and Occupational Footwear for Professional Use - Part 1: Requirements and Test Methods.

  • IS 15298: Part 2: 2002 Safety, Protective and Occupational Footwear for Professional use - Part 2 to Part 10: Specification for Safety Footwear.

Optional Requirements

  • Shock-proof Safety Shoes - Shock proof shoes shall be used wherever hazard of electric shock exist. Non conductive hard toe is used instead of steel toe.

  • Safety Shoes with Puncture Resistance - Where ever hazard of puncture exist safety shoes with steel mid sole can be used to protect against the objects like nails etc.

  • Safety Shoes with antiskid characteristics.

WARNING TAPE

HDPE or LDPE

  • Made of 50 micron thick, non adhesive, width 75mm – SPTL Logo embossed at every foot with white and red strips on both sides in Tubular form.

ROPE GRAB FALL ARRESTOR

Rope grab type fall arrestors shall be certified to EN 353 – 2 standards.

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